HIV Australia 2014

Summary of articles published in 2014.


HIV and relationships

This edition of HIV Australia focuses on HIV and relationships. Contributors discuss research, and present personal and historical accounts about their own and others’ lived experiences.

A broad spectrum of relationships are discussed, including sexual and platonic relationships, relationships with friends, family and peers, and relationships involving organisations and community.


Book review: The End of the Homosexual?

CHRIS WARD reflects on Altman’s account of the gay liberation movement, finding that it resonates with many of his own experiences.

We’re all on the same side’: relationships between general practitioners and their patients and peers in HIV medicine

Christy Newman, Asha Persson, John de Wit and Michael Kidd examine relationships between general practitioners and their patients and peers in HIV medicine

Unlikely bedfellows: an enduring relationship between two organisations

Liz Crock and John Hall look back on a 30 year partnership providing advocacy and support to people with HIV in Victoria.

Life during wartime: nursing on the frontline at Ward 17 South at St Vincent’s Hospital

PAUL VAN REYK documents the vital role played by nursing staff during the early years of Australia’s HIV epidemic.

Net-positives: the value of networks and social support for women living with HIV

JAYNE RUSSELL explains how personal networks can provide support opportunities for HIV-positive women.

The business of relationships: The Ankali Project

JOHN WILLIAM JONES highlights almost 30 years of volunteer work providing emotional and social support to people with HIV.

Awkward interactions: disclosing HIV online

ABIGAIL GROVES investigates gay men’s online relationships, and finds that HIV-stigma is alive and well.

A matter of trust: navigating HIV disclosure and the law within relationships

AMANDA JONES and INDRAVEER CHATTERJEE examine the intersection between HIV, public health law and relationships, and conclude that privacy protections are lacking.

HIV treatment and transmission in gay male serodiscordant relationships: The Opposites Attract Study

BENJAMIN BAVINTON reports on research into ‘treatment as prevention’ among gay male serodiscordant couples.

HIV and relationships: facing a new reality

James May speaks with three HIV-positive people in rural NSW. They share very different stories about their relationships with sexual partners, family and the HIV community.

Not so alone: the importance of relationships in growing up with HIV

ANGELA MILLER, ASHA PERSSON and CHRISTY NEWMAN look at the relationship needs of HIV-positive young people.

Having a brother with HIV: a family perspective

MARILYN EDWARDS gives a heartfelt account of family support.

Gay men’s relationships and kinship

DEAN MURPHY presents an overview of research into gay men’s relationships, examining the way HIV has influenced these discussions.

Moving beyond ‘risk’ and ‘difference’: understanding the dynamics of serodiscordant relationships

ASHA PERSSON and JEANNE ELLARD shed light on the experiences of serodiscordant couples.

Our Team: a new relationship resource for gay men

Dean Murphy profiles a resource designed to assist gay men negotiate successful relationship agreements.

Building intimacy, managing risk: gay men’s relationships and HIV

Ian Down discusses HIV risk within gay and bisexual men’s relationships, drawing on findings from the Seroconversion Study.


HIV and the enabling environment

This special edition of HIV Australia was published to coincide with the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, Australia.


In Memoriam, Don Liriope

Don Liriope died in Port Moresby General Hospital on 18 March 2014, due to tuberculosis of the liver.

In Memoriam, Vivienne Munro

Vivienne Munro was a pioneer of Australia’s early HIV response, much loved and admired for her contribution to Australia’s community response and support for HIV-positive women. Vivienne passed away in May 2014.

Australian support for community HIV responses in PNG: what works, how do we show it, and who will fund it anyway?

The National Association of People Living with HIV Australia (NAPWHA), the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) and Scarlet Alliance have conducted partnerships programs in Papua New Guinea (PNG). NAPWHA has worked with Igat Hope, PNG’s People Living With HIV (PLHIV) organisation for over a decade.

Successful funding mechanisms to foster civil society: which way forward in China?

Experiences from the CHAIN, APCASO and AFAO Community Advocacy Initiative on the Investment Framework program in China.

Comparing Pacific and Australian approaches to gay men’s health: reflections on the 2014 AFAO National Gay Men’s HIV Health Promotion Conference

Reflections on the 2014 AFAO National Gay Men’s HIV Health Promotion Conference.

Walk with me: creating an enabling environment for men of diverse sexualities and transgender people in Papua New Guinea

In Papua New Guinea (PNG), sex between men is criminalised. Many people in the community hold strong views against homosexuality and acts of violence against sexually diverse men and transgender people are common.

Developing the narrative of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in Papua New Guinea

This article reports on the experience of Igat Hope, the organisation representing people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Papua New Guinea (PNG), in furthering the understanding of HIVrelated stigma and discrimination in PNG.

How to spread gay rights beyond the West

While the march of gay rights continues across the West, in parts of the world they are going backwards, with states hardening their repression of people on the basis of their sexuality, writes DENNIS ALTMAN.

An engaged civil society underpins the success of Global Fund’s New Funding Model

There has been a lot of buzz around the Global Fund’s New Funding Model (NFM), an important outcome of the Global Fund Strategy Framework 2012–16: Investing for Impact 1, launched in March 2014.

How do we make change happen?

Lessons learned from the Community Advocacy Initiative on Investment Framework (CAI-IF) program in Vietnam

Community engagement for improved outcomes for HIV/AIDS in Myanmar

A program to strengthen the HIV/ AIDS response in Myanmar was recently undertaken by Monash University under the Australian Government’s Australia Awards Fellowships (AAF) program.

Enhancing partnerships across the region: Australia Awards Fellowships

The Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) International Program is working to enhance partnerships across Asia and the Pacific.

‘Using the heart’: law enforcement and people who use drugs in Asia

In countless countries around the world law enforcement officials continue to be at the forefront of the failing war on drugs and can be a major obstacle when it comes to implementing evidence-based HIV prevention and treatment interventions.

The Pacific Sexual Diversity Network: Strengthening enabling environments in the Pacific though capacity building and regional partnerships

The Pacific Sexual Diversity Network (PSDN) is a network that has been representing the interests of men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people (TG) in the Pacific region since 2007.

Learning from each other: the Australian-Asian partnership experience

This article presents some case studies of successful partnerships between the Australian Injecting and Illicit Drug Users League (AIVL) and networks of people who use drugs in Asia, reflecting on some challenges experienced by these networks, both in Australia and across the region.

Sex worker organisations’ partnerships and collaborations for capacity development

Scarlet Alliance, the Australian Sex Workers Association, is the national peak body representing sex workers and sex worker organisations in Australia.

A Papua New Guinea–Australia HIV Research Partnership: generating new knowledge, building capacity and forging new friendships

Partnerships of mutual benefit are often forged to confront a common challenge. One such challenge is how to address HIV in Australia’s nearest neighbour, Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Mobilising men who have sex with men for HIV counselling and testing

Matthew Vaughan looks at an innovative pilot project that aims to increase demand for HIV counselling and testing among regional networks of men who have sex with men.

For the community, by the community: strengthening effective responses to HIV

Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) people are two populations disproportionately affected by HIV across Asia and the Pacific.

Community-based responses to HIV in developed Asia: challenges and approaches for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people

Challenges and approaches for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people.

Creating an enabling environment: regional networks and community organisations are leading the way

Community organisations and networks are essential to achieving effective HIV responses, and a diverse, strong and active civil society is leading the way in Asia and the Pacific.

AIDS 2014: Under the Baobab

The African Diaspora Networking Zone at AIDS 2014 in Melbourne has been organised by the Multicultural Health and Support Service (MHSS) in collaboration with the African Black Diaspora Global Network on HIV/AIDS (ABDGN) and the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisation’s (AFAO’s) African Reference Group.

HIV and sexuality: why are people with disabilities left behind?

The prognosis and progress for people living with HIV (PLHIV) have been extraordinary over the last two decades.

Our story, our time, our future: Indigenous culture, continuity and centrality to the global HIV response

In 2014 the International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) will be held for the first time in Australia, in the city of Melbourne. As a prelude to AIDS 2014, Sydney will host the International Indigenous Pre-conference on HIV & AIDS, on the land and home of the Gadigal people of the Eora Nation.

Australia, migration and HIV: an evolving policy landscape

Australia is a signatory to the 2011 United Nations Political Declaration (UNPD) on HIV and AIDS. By signing the declaration, Planning for AIDS 2014 in Melbourne, Australia, has focused attention on how people with HIV navigate Australia’s complex migration system.

Sex work legislation stands in the way of Australia’s commitments: decriminalisation for sex workers health, safety and rights

Australia is a signatory to the 2011 United Nations Political Declaration (UNPD) on HIV and AIDS. By signing the declaration, Australia has committed to protecting and promoting human rights and the elimination of stigma and discrimination for people living with HIV and prioritised communities (including sex workers) as a ‘critical element in combating the global HIV epidemic’1 and achieving the UNPD targets.

Are we victims of our own success? Addressing the gaps in Australia’s enabling environment

The trajectory of social values is not linear … progress is not assured.

A time to be loud and furious: AIDS activism in Australia

Films like Dallas Buyers Club, which won Matthew McConaughey an Oscar®, and United in Anger, a history of ACT UP, have turned HIV activists into heroes.

What AIDS 2014 can learn from Melbourne and what Melbourne can learn from the world

Nineteen eighty-four was a pivotal year for Melbourne’s AIDS response.

Making history: the community heart of AIDS 2014

For those who have attended an international AIDS conference in the past, understand that this is a conference unlike many others.

Hopes for AIDS 2014 and beyond

It is fitting in many ways, that after three decades of the HIV epidemic, the International AIDS Conference is finally coming to Australia. Fitting because Australia has punched way above its weight on a global level in response to HIV – from the very beginning.

The Enabling environment: a note from the editors

Welcome to this special edition of HIV Australia, published to coincide with the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, Australia.


HIV, activism and the arts

This edition of HIV Australia explores the role that both art and activism play in creating engagement, stimulating discussion and calling for change.


Book review: The Scarlet Moment

‘In this life, I pick up stones wanting explanations about their enigmas …
‘Do stones dream? Stones wait patiently for children to pick them up, throw them into the air and return them to the earth, becoming falling grains of sand in another life.’

Yet Still We Dance! – blurring the boundaries between art, performance and activism

Sex workers are creative. We create environments and services which provide enjoyment, pleasure and hospitality to people from many different walks of life.The ability to do this is a gift … a learned talent … a performance … an art form.

Literature, glamour and sex: vignettes from the age of style as defiance

One sunny Friday afternoon in the early 90s I was on a tram going from St Kilda Road to the city. A tall gaudily dressed transgender woman on the opposite seat was on the nod, peaceful enough, occasionally opening a single eye, and clutching a small overstuffed handbag.

Lyle Chan: an AIDS activist’s thoughts on music, history, and creativity

Today, Lyle Chan is an acclaimed composer, whose works have been commissioned and performed by major artists including soprano Taryn Fiebig, pianist Simon Tedeschi and the Sydney Philharmonia Choir, and the even former Foreign Minister, Bob Carr.

True words … true story: my journey through the visual arts and working with communities

My name is Arone Meeks, I am a Kuku Midiji man from Laura, Cape York, Far North Queensland. Here I’m going to talk about my creative pathway and journey through the visual arts, and how this work interconnects with health promotion, HIV, and working with communities.

Dimensions of HIV-related stigma: exploring stigma through artistic practice

In July this year, I had the good fortune to attend the 20th International AIDS Conference and to stage an exhibition at the Brunswick Street Gallery, entitled A Decade of HIV-Related Stigma.

ENUF Already: stories of resilience told through artistic collaboration

During AIDS 2014, Living Positive Victoria’s ENUF project was involved in a range of artistic collaborations to raise the profile of issues affecting people living with HIV.

Stages of disclosure

Paul Woodward explores the experience of HIV disclosure through a performative lens.

ENUF is Enough!

In May 2014, the Victorian College of the Arts (VCA) premiered two new theatre productions that hoped to help end stigma and raise awareness around HIV and AIDS by taking the lived experiences of Victorians living with HIV and responding to them theatrically.

GL RY: adventures in public art, HIV discourse and queer aesthetics

Earlier this year, I was involved in a public installation project as part of the AIDS 2014 Conference.

Positively fabulous: the art of raising awareness and changing women’s lives

I first met Kim Davis (or rather, her alter ego, Ma’Dam Kim, pictured), surrounded by a camera crew at ICAAP11 (the 11th International Conference on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific) in Bangkok.

TRANSMISSIONS and Vital Signs A glimpse of two exhibitions staged during AIDS 2014

TRANSMISSIONS was an exhibition, mounted at the George Paton Gallery, University of Melbourne, in July 2014.

Not art: creativity, chaos and activism

The International AIDS Conference in Melbourne earlier this year featured a strong artistic component, with the National Gallery of Victoria hosting a retrospective of work by gay artist David McDiarmid attracting thousands of visitors.

From camp to gay to queer: David McDiarmid and HIV/AIDS art

At the end of July, Melbourne hosted the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014). A huge red AIDS 2014 sign perched on the Swanston Street Bridge between Flinders Street Station and the Melbourne Concert Hall.

Life, Death, Sex and Art

‘Art is not a mirror to reflect society, but a hammer with which to shape it.’ — Bertolt Brecht

Safer sex messages: Australian HIV/AIDS campaigns 1985–2014

L. K. Chan and Raymond Donovan present a retrospective of Australian health promotion materials.

How we saved our lives: the gay community and the Australian response to AIDS

The Australian response to AIDS has been widely hailed as the best in the world and it provided a model that was adopted and adapted in a variety of countries and societies.