In 2016, it was estimated that there were 26,444 people living with HIV in Australia. Of these 26,444 people, an estimated 89% were diagnosed by the end of 2016. The research also shows that 95% are accessing care, of those accessing care 86% were receiving HIV treatment, and of those on treatment 93% had an undetectable viral load.
In 2016, 70% of HIV notifications were attributed to sexual contact between men. 21% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 5% to a combination of sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, 1% to injecting drug use only, and 3% to other/unspecified.
HIV incidence remains extremely low among female sex workers, with two HIV notifications detected among female sex workers in 2016.
Among gay and bisexual men attending sexual health clinics there was a 35% increase in the proportion of men who had a repeat test within seven months of their last test.
In Australia, HIV data is collected at diagnosis in each state and territory and analysed by the Kirby Institute for infection and immunity in society. Information in this section is drawn from these reports.