In 2019, it was estimated that there were 29,045 people with HIV in Australia. Of these 29,045 people, an estimated 90% were diagnosed by the end of 2019. The research also shows that 91% of people diagnosed were receiving HIV treatment, and of those on treatment, 97% had an undetectable viral load.
In 2019, 59% of HIV notifications were attributed to sexual contact between men. 23% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 7% to a combination of sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, 3% to injecting drug use alone, and 8% to other/unspecified.
Over the last five years, the rate of diagnosis has been between 1.3 and 1.9 times as high among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than Australian born non-Indigenous people.
Of the HIV notifications in 2019 with male-to-male sex as their risk exposure, 49% were overseas-born men.
In March 2020, an estimated 25,282 people were accessing PrEP. COVID-19 caused considerable disruption. Research shows that in the three months to June 2020, 42% of gay and bisexual men stopped using PrEP.
In Australia, HIV data is collected at diagnosis in each state and territory and analysed by the Kirby Institute for infection and immunity in society. Information in this section is drawn from these reports.