In 2017, it was estimated that there were 27, 545 people with HIV in Australia. Of these 27, 545 people, an estimated 89% were diagnosed by the end of 2017. The research also shows that 95% are accessing care, of those accessing care 87% were receiving HIV treatment, and of those on treatment 95% had an undetectable viral load.
In 2017, 63% of HIV notifications were attributed to sexual contact between men. 25% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 5% to a combination of sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, 3% to injecting drug use only, and 3% to other/unspecified.
HIV incidence remains extremely low among female sex workers at 0.13 per 100 person years in 2017.
Among gay and bisexual men attending sexual health clinics there was a 36% increase in the proportion of men who had a repeat test within seven months of their last test between 2013-2017.
In Australia, HIV data is collected at diagnosis in each state and territory and analysed by the Kirby Institute for infection and immunity in society. Information in this section is drawn from these reports.