HIV in Australia

In 2020, it was estimated that there were 29,090 people with HIV in Australia. Of these 29,090 people, an estimated 91% were diagnosed by the end of 2020. The research also shows that 91% of people diagnosed were receiving HIV treatment, and of those on treatment, 97% had an undetectable viral load.

In 2020, 58% of HIV notifications were attributed to sexual contact between men. 24% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 10% to a combination of sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, 3% to injecting drug use alone, and 5% to other/unspecified.

Between 2011 and 2016, the HIV notification rate among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people increased from 3.6 to 6.3 per 100,000 and then declined to 2.2 per 100,000 in 2020 compared to 2.3 per 100,000 among Australian-born non-Indigenous people. While there has been a decrease in 2020, smaller numbers mean we must be cautious in its interpretation.

Of the HIV notifications in 2020 with male-to-male sex as their risk exposure, 45% were overseas-born men.

42,076 individuals in Australia had been dispensed subsidised PrEP by the end of 2020. COVID-19 has disrupted healthcare access, and a significant number of gay and bisexual men stopped using PrEP during the pandemic.

HIV data is collected at diagnosis in each state and territory in Australia and analysed by the Kirby Institute, UNSW. Information in this section is drawn from these reports.

HIV in Australia Snapshot

Each year, AFAO provides a snapshot of what HIV looks like in Australia. This resource, HIV in Australia, provides the most up to date epidemiological data in the form of a straightforward infographic.

HIV in Australia 2022

HIV in Australia 2021

HIV in Australia 2020

HIV in Australia 2019

HIV in Australia 2018

HIV in Australia 2017