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Menopause is a natural process that usually happens in women between 38 and 58 years of age.

Over three to five years the ovaries slowly stop producing estrogen. This beginning phase is called peri-menopause, where periods become less frequent and some other menopausal signs can appear.

Menopause is considered complete when you have not menstruated for 12 months. This marks the end of your fertility and is accompanied by significant hormonal changes.

Women with HIV more commonly have irregularities in their menstrual cycle that may be mistaken for menopause.

While there are a range of common symptoms that all menopausal women experience, those with HIV may be more likely to have problems associated with bone density (osteopenia) and heart disease. These may or may not be related to treatments.

Regular weight bearing exercise, a calcium-rich, low fat diet and stopping smoking will all help reduce the risk of osteopenia and heart disease.

More information and tips for living with menopausal symptoms:



This page was published on 19 September, 2011

This page was reviewed on 23 December 2015