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Global HIV statistics

By the end of 2015, 36.7 million people were estimated to be living with HIV globally, with 46% of them on life-saving antiretroviral treatment.

By the end of 2015:

  • 2.1 million people became newly infected with HIV (down from 3.1 million in 2000)
  • 17 million people had access to HIV treatments, up from 7.5 million in 2010, and 15 million in 2014. 
  • 1.1 million people died of AIDS-related causes (a fall of 43% since 2003)
  • Adolescent girls and young women aged 15-24 accounted for 20% of new infections among adults globally in 2015, although they are only 11% of the population

By the end of 2014*

  • 73% of pregnant women living with HIV had access to antiretroviral treatments to prevent transmission of HIV to their babies
  • 73% of pregnant women with HIV had access to HIV treatments to prevent mother to child transmission
  • New HIV infections among children were reduced by 58% since 2000.

* Most recent data

Globally, HIV disproportionately affects the following key populations:

  • Sex workers
  • People who inject drugs
  • Gay men and other men who have sex with men
  • Transgender people
  • Prisoners.

The percentage of these populations affected by HIV varies by country and region. For example: in Australia the majority of HIV infections are among gay men; in Eastern Europe and Central Asia 51% of new infections are among people who inject drugs; and in South Africa, HIV prevalence among sex workers is between 39% and 72% in three major cities.

Globally, stigma and discrimination have a negative impact on people's ability to access prevention, treatment and care. In some countries, these attitudes are reinforced by laws and policies that undermine the human rights of key populations. For example, 72 countries have laws related to the criminalisation of HIV and 75 countries criminalise homosexuality.

Ending the HIV epidemic will not be possible without supporting the human rights of key populations.


Global AIDS Update 2016 (UNAIDS) 

UNAIDS Fact Sheet 2015: Global Statistics

 See also

HIV in Australia: 2016 - infographics
More information:

World AIDS Day Report 2015 (UNAIDS) 

How AIDS changed everything (UNAIDS - 2015)

Fast track: Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 - UNAIDS targets explained (2014)

Infographics about HIV Including challenges, treatments access, key populations and more - UNAIDS

HIV InSite Country and Regions Pages Regularly updated international HIV/AIDS information, including global and regional overviews, individual country pages and a database of epidemiological and socioeconomic data

The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS News and resources related to women and HIV

Gender matters Overcoming gender-related barriers to prevent new HIV infections among children and keep their mothers alive - UNAIDS, 2014



This page was published on 22 November, 2011

This page was reviewed on 6 June 2016