In 2015, it was estimated that there were 25,313 people living with HIV in Australia. Of these 25,313 people, an estimated 90% were diagnosed by the end of 2015. The research also shows that 85% are accessing care, 75% were receiving HIV treatment, and 69% had an undetectable viral load.
In 2015, 68% of HIV notifications were attributed to sexual contact between men. 20% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 5% to a combination of sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, and 3% to injecting drug use only.
HIV incidence remains extremely low among female sex workers, with no HIV notifications detected among female sex workers in the past two years.
HIV testing frequency among gay and bisexual men increased by 27% in the past five years; with an average of 1.1 HIV tests per person in 2011 to 1.4 in 2015 among gay and bisexual men.
In Australia, HIV data is collected at diagnosis in each state and territory and analysed by the Kirby Institute for infection and immunity in society. Information in this section is drawn from these reports.